- The Iberian Peninsula, which became a diocese (q.v.) within the administrative reforms of Diocletian (q.v.). In 409 it was overrun by various barbarian peoples, most notably the Vandals (q.v.), who crossed over into North Africa (q.v.) in 429. In 456, the Visigoths (q.v.) established a state in Spain that effectively ended Byzantine control, except for the brief reconquest ca. 550 of the southeastern corner of the peninsula by Justinian I (q.v.). The Visgothic state fell to the Arabs (q.v.) in 711, but Christian states formed in the northern part of the peninsula. Aragon played an important role in the Sicilian Vespers (q.v.), and the Catalan Grand Company (qq.v.) played a significant role in Byzantine affairs in the 14th century.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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